Tuesday, April 28, 2009
‘Shigeaki Hinohara’ by Judit Kawaguchi
‘Shigeaki Hinohara- Doctor of Reforms’ by Tomoko Otake
‘The Secret To Longevity In Japan’
The sacrificial lamb brought for the festival,
Ate up the green leaf brought for the decorations.
Not knowing a thing about the kill,
It wans only to fill its belly:
Born that day, to die that day.
But tell me:
Did the killers survive,
Oh Lord of the meeting rivers?
- Basavanna (Translation A.K. Ramanujan)
Iron dead-weight at my feet,
around my neck buoyant reed.
The dead-weight keeps me from floating,
the reed keeps me from drowning.
O Lord Koodalasangama, arbiter,
across this tumultuous sea, lead me.
- Basavanna (Translation Saket Rajan)
Sunday, April 19, 2009
1. From Knol
2. From Lancaster University Management School
3. From Find a Phd dot com
Thursday, April 16, 2009
Wednesday, April 08, 2009
- the internship diaries are over; so do not pay at the office and come with a receipt for the diaries. maintain a 50 page book as your diary. write the daily activities, date, and get it signed by your mentor in the organization; do not forget this task; you may not be able to remember everything you did during your internship
- show interest in work and get some work; this is the time when you get your contacts and test your own ability to work with professionals
- do not forget to get appendix; if you are unable to get some evidence contact your guide, so that alternatives could be worked out before you finish your internship and return empty handed and land in trouble
- mail your guides once a week; it would be easy for them to suggest things if you are in contact regularly; regular contact with the guide has 5% marks
Enjoy your internship. Come back with fresh ideas and enthusiasm.
Saturday, April 04, 2009
Look Back in Anger. Why such a title?
As a qualified, but lowly positioned (he runs a sweet stall) angry young man of the England of the 1950s, Jimmy Porter [as hinted at in the first act of the play] is able to disregard the abstracting media apparatus and see the reality of the working class. It is the same approach and understanding he has about the religion, the state and other social institutions of his time and place. Further, for people like him, the idea of England as prompted by the Grand Old British Empire is disgusting, given the then poor social and economic conditions of England.
And the disregard of Jimmy Porter reality by the upper class people - Allison's family for example - infuriates them. And it is not just the disregard and insensitivity, but also holding onto a dead imperial past attitude (all-is-fine-with-the-world) by people like Allison that adds fire to their cause.
Fighting against such a system, John Osborne conceives Jimmy Porter as one who looks back in anger. Hence the title.
- Padmakumar Sir
Friday, April 03, 2009
- Compare the idea of marriage in Look Back in Anger and The Importance of Being Earnest..
- Explain how ‘My Last Duchess’ is a dramatic monologue.
- What kind of beauty Yeats does not approve? Why?
- What is the significance of these lines “In the room the women come and go/Talking of Michelangelo” in “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”?
- What are the different waves of feminism? Which wave does Woolf belong to?
- “Overarching power of the state is an important theme in ‘The Unknown citizen’” Comment. (Some of the other themes could be - Conformity and Anonymity in the Modern World, surveillance, …)
- “The fox is the symbol of shaping of poetic ideas” comment.
- What does Virginia Woolf say about Aphra Bhen?
- What is the relationship between Raina and Louka.
- What is Snowball’s role in the
- Read “Look Back in Anger” as an autobiographical play.
- Can “The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock” be considered as a dialogue between the conscious and the sub conscious mind/poet and his beloved?
- Who is Judith? Why does Woolf create her?
- Write a not on the idea of class struggle in Arms and the
- What does Animal Farm satirize?
- What does Virgina Woolf say about the state of Victorian women writers?
- What is androgyny How does Woolf explain it?
Terms you should be familiar with
Stream of Consciousness (In connection with ’The Love Song ….’
kitchen sink drama
Thursday, April 02, 2009
Wednesday, April 01, 2009
…Points from each chapter to take note of:
Virginia woolf wrote this essay when she was asked to lecture in reputed college of women. The form of the novel uses the essay as well as the fiction form.
The author explores the condition of the women in the earlier times. She says that if only our mothers and their mothers had left us some money, women wouldn’t have the need to be dependent and could use the freedom that money offers in other activities such as writing etc.
- In this chapter Virginia woolf decides do some research on the writings by women, but she is surprised to find that there so many books written on women by men but next to nothing books written by women
- She finds that in each and every book the male writer tries to tell that are women inferior to men. This according to wolf is in order to make themselves look superior. She says that women have served as looking glasses for centuries now!
- She also notices that the society has always been patriarchal in nature and hence is one of the reasons why women have been curbed.
- In fact women were always considered in the domestic scene and even there their contributions were barely considered of any importance at all.
- Another point that she mentions is that ‘women as the protected sex’. She says if only people stopped considering women as the protected sex, women would be freer to do things that they want to and the society would also be more open towards them.
- In this chapter wolf tries to look for the information on women’s life during the Elizabethian times. She finds absolutely no record of their lives. There were no literary works by women of those times.
- Wolf tries to see the influence of the society’s views about women on women. She imagines Judith, Shakespeare’s imaginary sister with the same genius as him. She would definitely not be allowed to write and would either have to surrender to the society’s norms or else suffer an unpleasant ending.
- The attitude of the society towards women writing was not indifference but scorn, which was much more difficult to handle than indifference (which many male writers had to face such as Keats.)
- There were absolutely no contributions by women in other art forms also, such as music, painting etc.
- · Woolf says that women had to face so much opposition from the society that they themselves began to think that they couldn’t write.
- · In the 18th century however women began to earn (they could inherit property of their own, which wasn’t the case earlier). Middle class began to write.
- · Women mainly wrote novels because of the fooling reasons:
- 1) It was the only form which was new and had no steadfast rules set by the earlier writers.
- 2) Women could not afford the amount of concentration required to write poetry
- 3) The kind of environment that they were surrounded in provided them with themes suitable for writing novels
- 4) The most important things that Virginia wolf here talks about is the significance of having a room of their own ( which stood for privacy) and 2000 pounds a year ( which would provide women with the leisure and peace of mind to write more)
- In this chapter wolf looks at the writings by women in the present times. She picks up a book by Mary Charmichael called ‘The life’s adventure’.
- She notices that Miss Charmichael had tread on an unexplored concept, women in relationship with women. For so long women were seen only with respect to men and for the first time women were seen with respect to women i.e. what sort of relationships did women share with each other without the interference of men?
Virginia woolf concludes that:
- · A writer is good only if can write without being influenced by his own personal thoughts. To do this a person must be androgynous in the mind. That is, either they should be woman-manly or man-womanly.
- · Finally she urges the women present to write more as this would serve as the foundation for the other women writers to write more.
The main concept to concentrate on is obviously feminism and how this book is viewed as the first in the movement of feminism.
2. Notes from Sparknotes
3. Notes from Gradesaver
4. Outline of the text
5. Questions on the text
6. A Research Journal named after the book
7. Free text of the book from Project Gutenberg
8. From Literary Encyclopaedia
9. Questions and essays
10. A lecture by Joel Rich with chapter summaries
11. A write up in THE - Times Higher Education